In regular occasions, the intention of the current Jordan-Israel-United Arab Emirates declaration of intent would make sense.
A rich Arab Gulf nation is keen to contribute to the massive infrastructure of photo voltaic panels within the huge, unused Jordanian desert in an effort to provide a neighboring nation — Israel — with clean electricity that can assist desalinate and ship water again to water-poor Jordan.
A seeming no-brainer, however these are usually not regular occasions.
The “neighboring nation,” Israel, is occupying Palestinian Arab lands, and the Gulf companion’s normalization coverage with Israel has not performed nicely amongst Jordanians and Palestinians.
The deal is sensible for Jordan on many ranges, Ali Sawalha, an professional on Israeli affairs, instructed Al-Monitor.
First, it helps Jordan get again into good relations with the Gulf nations. Relations had soured after the signing of the Abraham Accords, and Jordan has been searching for methods to have interaction with out paying the excessive political value that has include the normalization deal that was made public within the final 12 months of the Donald Trump administration.
Whereas Trump and Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu are now not round, the normalization course of doesn’t appear to be slowing down, a lot to the anger of many Jordanians and Palestinians.
Maamoun Abu Nuwar, a retired Jordanian air drive common, instructed Al-Monitor that the deal displays weak spot on the a part of Jordan, which impacts nationwide safety for Jordanians for the approaching generations.
“It’s clear [the] water coverage has been a failure. Not sufficient effort was put [into finding] alternate options. Why not attempt to get water from Syria, particularly since Jordan is internet hosting 1.3 million Syrian refugees?” Abu Nuwar requested, questioning why they should not desalinate the Purple Sea as an alternative of being held hostage by Israel for his or her water provide.
Mazin Qumsiyeh, founder and director of the biodiversity middle at Bethlehem College, instructed Al-Monitor that the concept of this and comparable initiatives has all the time been to make sure the strengthening of Israel by making nations within the area much less self-sufficient and extra dependent on Israel.
“It’s strengthening colonization and violations of human rights (together with apartheid) inside Palestine. For nations like Jordan with the Purple Sea-Lifeless Sea canal, it ensures burdening its authorities with debt that can’t be repaid, and thus making nations comply with an indentured servitude paradigm eradicating sovereignty and taking up different pure assets utilizing ‘debt’ as a weapon.”
For all of the bluster and opposition by Jordanian and Palestinian activists, no official phrase has come from the Ramallah-based PLO management and even from Gaza-based Hamas. Like Jordan, the cash-starving Palestinian authorities with 200,000 Palestinians working within the UAE can’t afford to anger the UAE by opposing this plan.
Islamic and nationwide forces in Jordan, nonetheless, are making their voices heard and planning a major demonstration on Friday in protest of the declaration of intent.
Jordanian officers insist that they’re neither abandoning the opposite choices nor relying on this concept to resolve their strategic wants.
Mohammad Najjar, Jordan’s water minister, insisted in public statements that the declaration of intent doesn’t cancel work on the nationwide water service, which goals to offer consuming water to the tune of 300 cubic meters.
In a press assertion, Najjar stated Nov. 23 that the declaration of intent is “not linked with the peace settlement and isn’t compulsory on Jordan.” He additionally stated that whereas “Jordan just isn’t constructing its water technique on this declaration whether it is changed into an settlement, will probably be offered to the parliament for approval.”
In its official statement, Jordan stated that its water state of affairs reached a deficit of 40 million cubic meters in 2021, in response to Bashar Batinah, secretary-general of the water authority. He instructed a parliamentary committee, “The water deficit within the capital has reached 20 cubic meters.”
The declaration of intent will enable Jordan to spend a 12 months or extra to check the state of affairs and discover out if the venture is viable. Based on Article 30 of the Jordanian Structure, any worldwide settlement have to be offered to the parliament for approval. Najjar stated that if there can be an settlement, it would the truth is be offered to parliament.
By signing the declaration, Jordan has succeeded in bettering its relations with the UAE and america, which is co-sponsoring the plan. The nonbinding settlement has even helped Jordan enhance its standing with Israel, regardless that Jordan’s King Abdullah has but to satisfy publicly with the Naftali Bennett administration and is awaiting decision of the killing of a Jordanian choose on the Israeli facet of the King Hussein Bridge and two Jordanians on the Israeli Embassy in Amman, in addition to violations of the established order in Jerusalem, particularly Al Aqsa Mosque.