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Erdogan meets with Aliyev forward of talks with Putin in Samarkand 

The Turkish and Azerbaijani presidents got here collectively at present in Samarkand, the historic Silk Highway metropolis in Uzbekistan that’s internet hosting a two-day summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Group (SCO), amid renewed hostilities between Baku and Yerevan. 

The assembly between President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Azerbaijani counterpart, Ilham Aliyev, which lasted 40 minutes, comes forward of Erdogan’s assembly with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the second day of the summit. Moreover the Armenia-Azerbaijan flare-up, efforts to reinforce the grain hall within the Black Sea are anticipated to prime the agenda of the Putin-Erdogan assembly.  

Putin expressed his woes on the grain deal final week, which Erdogan helped dealer in July. Beneath the deal, Ukraine was allowed to export 5 million tons of grain per thirty days, thus easing fears of a worldwide meals disaster. To safe the exports, Russian, Ukrainian, Turkish and UN officers arrange an operational heart in Istanbul to assist information business ships from Ukraine by means of minefields within the Black Sea. The Turkish Protection Ministry introduced at present that greater than 3 million tons had reached global markets within the final 46 days. 

Putin, saying that the grain was not reaching the growing world, threatened to pull out of the deal final week. Russian officers additionally complained that elements of the settlement that have been meant to assist Russia promote its fertilizer and different agricultural merchandise amid sanctions didn’t have a lot impact. 

Erdogan backed up Putin’s claims, saying that the Russian president was proper in saying that ​​Ukrainian grain was going to rich relatively than growing nations. He has additionally sided with the Russian issues on exporting fertilizers, which he mentioned the world wanted. 

In an interview with Turkey’s official information company, Anadolu, UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres mentioned he was working with Turkey and different actors to unravel “entry of Russian food and fertilizers to worldwide markets.”  

“We’re doing every thing and dealing with the US, EU and others to be sure that what has been mentioned time and time once more, that sanctions don’t apply to meals and fertilizers, interprets itself into actuality, and we badly want the Russian fertilizers in a second during which we’re seeing a fertilizer market crunch,” the UN secretary-general mentioned. “We’re additionally negotiating the export of Russian ammonia by means of Ukraine. One of many issues that has been clear is that these will create circumstances to have an extension in time of a program, particularly if that program shall be conceived in a method that advantages each nations.” 

Turkish Overseas Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu mentioned Wednesday that when Russia complained about attainable restrictions on its grain exports, he referred to as US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Guterres. Cavusoglu mentioned Russian grain provides will not be beneath sanctions. Nonetheless, there are different restrictions hampering exports from Russia, together with its ships’ incapability to get insurance coverage and even be acquired and maintained at some ports, he mentioned. 

Whereas Turkey and Russia largely agree on working collectively on Russian fertilizer exports, the dialog on Armenia and Azerbaijan could be harder. No official assertion was made after the Erdogan-Aliyev assembly Thursday, however Turkey, not like Russia, has unequivocally positioned its assist behind Azerbaijan, whom it helped with drones in  2020 to recapture a part of the territory occupied by Armenia for 30 years.  

Protection Minister Hulusi Akar talked to his Azerbaijani counterpart, Zakir Hasanov, on Thursday to get the “newest info on the bottom” following Yerevan’s announcement {that a} truce had been agreed upon late Wednesday. Akar additionally pledged the “strongest support possible” to “brotherly Azerbaijan.” 

Erdogan is prone to press Putin to make use of his affect over Armenia to cede to Azerbaijani calls for, Amberin Zaman reported Wednesday. These embody Armenia’s renouncement of its claims to Nagorno-Karabakh, which is a part of Azerbaijan however has an Armenian majority.  

Russia mentioned on Thursday it was in search of to reverse any shift within the area’s army stability that had occurred on account of this week’s preventing. “We’re in shut contact with each nations in order to reach at a sustainable cease-fire and the return of Azerbaijani and Armenian army to their positions of origin,” Reuters quoted Russia’s Ambassador to the UN Vassily Nebenzia telling the Safety Council on Thursday. 

Moreover Putin, Erdogan may even meet with Chinese language President Xi Jinping on the second day of the summit. Xi and Putin held a gathering on the primary day of the summit, the place Putin praised China’s chief for what he mentioned was a “balanced” place on the battle. 

Erdogan’s go to to Samarkand marks the primary presidential-level participation within the SCO since Turkey “obtained dialogue accomplice standing” on the SCO in 2012, a presidency assertion mentioned. Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Egypt are additionally dialogue companions within the group, whereas Iran began its membership accession course of final yr. 

The Presidency assertion added that Erdogan would proceed straight to america to attend the United Nations Normal Meeting in New York. The Presidency mentioned that Erdogan would meet with Guterres and maintain bilateral talks with varied heads of state and authorities. 

Requested whether or not Erdogan would meet Biden on the sidelines of the assembly, a prime diplomatic official advised journalists in Ankara that there have been no conferences deliberate on the presidential or international ministerial stage. 

Erdogan, who insists upon tight safety measures in all his travels overseas, is not going to attend the funeral of Elizabeth II on Sept. 19, though he had mentioned earlier that he wished to go. Turkey shall be represented by Cavusoglu. 

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