I usually questioned why some religious Muslims instantly hasten to the Masjid to supply the 5 compulsory prayers once they hear the decision to prayer (Adhan).
Nevertheless, many others favor to do their every day prayers whereas at college, faculty, work, or within the consolation of their very own houses.
Everyone knows that we should carry out ALL the 5 prayers (Fard Al-Ayn) every day. The act of praying (As-Salat) distinguishes believers (Mumineen) from non-believers (Kuffar).
On the day of resurrection, the very first thing Allah (SWT) will ask us about is our prayers. Additionally, not praying is the fourth main sin in Islam.
However, I used to be not sure if Islam obliges us to do them in congregation in a mosque (Salat Al-Jama’ah) or if we’re permitted to do our prayers alone in a spot of our selection.
So, I made a decision to analysis the matter. I reached out to varied students and consulted Islamic texts and rulings. The next is what I discovered.
For those who can hear the decision to prayer (Adhan), Islam requires all Muslim males to supply the 5 every day prayers (Salat) in a mosque. Nevertheless, it exempts the sick, vacationers, girls, and people far-off from a mosque. Students declare it’s reprehensible, hypocritical, and sinful to not pray in a congregation.
So, is it obligatory for Muslims to hope in a congregation in a mosque, or is it simply extremely beneficial?
Obligation To Pray In The Mosque-Two Main Opinions
Two primary teams of students maintain the next opinions relating to the duty for Muslims to hope the 5 compulsory prayers (As-Salat) within the mosque.
1. Collective Obligation (Fard Kifiyah)
In impact, Fard Kifiyah is an obligation on a bunch of (legally competent) people (Mukallafeen) who should meet the duty. The remaining individuals are exempt.
In relation to obligatory prayers (As-Salat), this group of students argues that because the collective obligation to attend prayer was met by some Muslims, there isn’t a compulsion for everybody to satisfy it.
Some examples are Jihad, Janaza Prayers, burials, setting up mosques and hospitals, performing Ijtihad, and so on.
On this case, students argue that Islam extremely encourages everybody to attend congregational prayers, however it isn’t a should.
2. Particular person Obligation (Fard Al-Ayn)
In impact, Fard Al-Ayn is an obligation that each particular person ought to carry out. Nobody else can do that obligation on behalf of another person. These embrace the 5 every day prayers (As-Salat), fasting (As Siyam), almsgiving (Zakat), and so on.
Conversely, this second group of students believes that congregational prayers in mosques are obligatory for each particular person Muslim man. In apply, he ought to supply all of the 5 prayers in a mosque and in a congregation.
Nevertheless, some people are exempt from this obligation. These embrace the sick, infirm, girls, and people who stay or work removed from mosques or formal locations of prayer.
For instance, girls might have kids and different family duties to carry out and won’t all the time be free to attend the mosque for all of the 5 prayers. Additionally, some staff can not go away their place of business when on obligation.
Others work or stay far-off from the mosque, so attending the 5 prayer periods would current a logistical burden for them.
In these instances, students argue that Islam permits Muslims to supply their prayers at their place of examine, work, or dwelling. Nevertheless, for the remainder of us, we should always go to the mosque for all of the 5 every day prayers.
Students and commentators who declare that Muslims are NOT obliged to hope in a congregation in a mosque, do settle for that every one Muslims should attend the weekly Friday congregational prayer. (Salat- Al Jumaa).
In addition they acknowledge that becoming a member of others in teams for Salat is 27 times more rewarding than praying alone. They imagine it’s helpful for Muslims to hope in a congregation because it unites folks and strengthens group ties.
For proof, they use the next two Hadith.
1. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) – Muslims Can Pray At House
In a well-known Hadith, Ibn Umar states that Prophet Mohammed (SAW) instructed folks to supply prayers at dwelling and never take their homes as graves.
Narrated Ibn Omar stories that:
The Prophet (SAW) had stated, Provide a few of your prayers (Nawafil) at dwelling, and don’t take your homes as graves.
To be clear, this Hadith solely refers to providing Sunnah prayers at dwelling and NOT the compulsory 5 prayers,
2. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) – Muslims Can Pray Anyplace
One other Hadith states that Prophet Mohammed (SAW) stated that your entire earth is a Masjid.
They perceive from the above Hadith that Muslims can pray in anywhere on the earth so long as it’s clear and never a graveyard.
Nevertheless, they need to keep away from praying in prohibited locations similar to graveyards, garbage dumps, bogs, or bogs. And, they regard virtually any location as acceptable for providing compulsory prayers as quickly as they’re due.
Some students and Muslims use the 2 above Hadith and others as proof that it’s permissible for Muslims to supply their 5 compulsory prayers (Salat) at dwelling or every other place they like.
Students who regard praying the 5 compulsory prayers (Fard al-Ayn) within the Masjid argue that each Muslim man should supply ALL the 5 prayers in a mosque in a congregation.
These exempted are girls, the sick, the infirm, vacationers, and people who stay, examine, or work far-off from a mosque or place of worship.
Of the 2, most Muslims agree that the Fard Al-Ayn viewpoint is right.
The proof for this viewpoint is predicated principally on a Surah Al Nisa 4:102.
Proof From the Quran
1. Allah (SWT) Instructions Prophet Mohammed (SAW) To Pray With Two Teams
In Al Nisa 4:102, Allah (SWT) addresses Prophet Mohammed (SAW). He tells the Prophet to hope with one group of Muslims bearing arms and let the opposite group maintain watch.
After they’ve completed, the second armed group holding watch also needs to pray in a congregation following the primary.
Since Allah (SWT) commanded BOTH teams to hope in congregation in Al Nisa 4:102, students cause that the 5 compulsory prayers (As-Salat) will not be Fard Kifiyah.
The Quranic verse signifies that each Muslim man is individually obliged to supply it as a Fard Al-Ayn.
Within the following YouTube video, Shaikh Mohammed breaks down this verse (Al Nisa 4:102), and causes to point out how congregational prayers for males are compulsory.
2. Allah (SWT) Instructions Muslims To Pray With Others
In one other short verse, Allah (SWT) instructions Muslims to bow down with those that bow down.
Likewise, Allah (SWT) provides related directions to Maryam in Surah Al Imran 3:43
In each verses, Allah (SWT) instructions believers to hope in a congregation and set up it as Fard Al-Ayn.
Proof From Hadith
1. Burn Down Their Homes -Prophet Mohammed (SAW)
In a Hadith in Al Bukhari 4: 2420, Prophet Mohammed (SAW) feedback on how he needed to set hearth to the homes of the boys who didn’t come to the Masjid to supply prayer within the congregation.
Concerning this Hadith, proponents of the Fard Kifiyah viewpoint argue that it refers solely to the Friday prayer (Salat Al Jumaa). They are saying that Prophet Mohammed (SAW) didn’t intend the remark to use to 5 every day prayers within the mosque.
Nevertheless, the Hadith exhibits Prophet Mohammed’s (SAW) energy of feeling on the matter.
2. Hypocrites Discover Two Prayers To Be The Most Tough – Al Fajr & Al Isha
In one other Hadith, Prophet Mohammed (SAW) says that hypocrites discover two prayers burdensome and would crawl on their fingers and knees to the Masjid in the event that they understood the advantages they get by attending these prayers.
2. A Blind Man MUST Attend The 5 Prayers In A Congregation
In one other Hadith, a blind man Abdullah Ibn Um Maktum asks Prophet Mohammed (SAW) to excuse him from attending compulsory prayers within the mosque as a result of he doesn’t have a information to take him.
Prophet Mohammed (SAW) refuses him and replies the blind man ought to reply the decision to the Adhan since he can hear it from his dwelling.
Amr ibn Za’dah narrated that:
Shaikh Assim Abdul Hakeem tells the story of the blind man and this Hadith for instance that praying within the congregation within the mosque is obligatory for Muslim males. (1 min 45 secs)
There are an a variety of benefits for Muslims who go to the mosque to carry out their every day prayers. These embrace purification, erasing sins, and elevating the standing of people. The advantages are talked about in a variety of Hadith.
In a Hadith, Muslim 666, Prophet Mohammed (SAW) stories how making ablutions (Wudhu) and strolling to the mosque erases sins and raises one’s standing.
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (Might Peace Be Upon Him) stated: He who purified himself in his home, after which he walked to one of many homes of Allah for the sake of a Fard (compulsory act) out of the Fara’id (compulsory acts) of Allah, each his steps (could be vital) as one in all them would obliterate his sin and the second would elevate his standing.
The principle advantages are listed right here.
- Prayers In The Mosque Are 27 Times More Rewarding Than Elsewhere
- Praying In Congregation Increases The Pleasure Of Allah (SWT)
- Praying With Others Promotes Unity And A Sense Of Community
- Allah (SWT) Forgives The Sins Of These Who Pray In The Mosque
- Nice Blessings When Living Far From And Walking To The Mosque To Pray
Ought to Muslims Pray All 5 Compulsory Prayers within the Mosque?
In conclusion, based mostly on the teachings of the Sunnah and Quran, Muslims MUST supply all of the 5 compulsory prayers within the mosque in a congregation except they’ve a legitimate excuse not to take action.
Furthermore, doing so is 27 times more rewarding than providing prayers at dwelling.
We pray to Allah (SWT) that you just all the time have ease in reaching the mosque to supply your prayers in congregation with different believers. Certainly, Allah (SWT) is nice and most Merciful!
Is It Haram To Pray At House -Are These Prayers Invalid?
No! He’s sinful, however his prayers are nonetheless legitimate. Hear Sheikh Assim Al Hakeem clarify the difficulty in only one minute.
The place Ought to I Pray Sunnah (Naafil) Prayers-In Mosque Or At House?
It’s best to pray Sunnah prayers at dwelling besides these prescribed for the mosque similar to eclipse prayers (Al Koosoof / Khoosoof) or the Sunnah prayers earlier than Friday congregational prayer (Salat Al Jumaa).
References And Helpful Hyperlinks
What Does Fard Mean?– Wikipedia
Evidence That Prayers In The Mosque Are Obligatory – Islam Q & A
Ruling On Congregational Prayer For Men-Islam Q & A
Prayers at Home Or In A Mosque?– Arab Information
Congregational Prayers Are 27 times More Rewarding Than Alone Bukhari 31:649-sunnah.com
Is It A Sunnah To Pray Sunnah Prayers At Home? YouTube – Assim Al-Hakim
Can A Muslim Pray At Home Without a Reason? YouTube – Dr. Zakir Naik
Pray In Groups Of Two With Prophet Mohammed (SAW)-An Nisa 4:102
Establish Prayer (Salat), Pay Zakat And Bow Down With Others-Al Baqara 2:43
Maryam, Obey, And Prostrate With Others-Al Imran 4:43
Burning The Houses Of Those Who Do Attend Congregational Prayer-Bukhari 44:2420
Salat Al Fajr And Isha Is The Hardest For Hypocrites – Riyad As-Salihin 1073
Abdullah Ibn Maktum, (A Blind Man) Asks Prophet Mohammed (SAW) For Permission NO To Attend The Mosque -Advert Dawud – Chapter 157 – Hadith 552